|Formula||Mole Weight||Critical Pressure||Critical Temperature|
|C2H2||26.04||890.6 psia||95.3 F|
The hydrocarbon class of alkynes includes those with carbon-carbon triple bonds. Such molecules are very unstable, thus few naturally occurring alkynes exist outside the laboratory. The smallest of the alkynes, acetylene, is used in melting and welding iron and steel. Other synthetic alkynes are commonly used in drugs or medication.
Keeping in mind that every carbon prefers 4 bonds, the chemical formula
for acetylene has 2 carbons and 2 hydrogens. That tells us that each carbon
is attached to one hydrogen, leaving three bonds left for the carbon atoms.
Thus, acetylene is the common name for ethyne, which is an alkyne, or an
organic molecule with a triple bonded carbon.
|Enthalpy, Btu/lb (h)||155.5||211.5||247.3|
|Entropy, Btu/lb-R (s)||1.395||1.346||1.278|
|Specific Heat, Btu/mol-R(Cp)||0.398||0.456||0.516|
|Sonic velocity, ft/sec||1105||1217||1266|
|Specific volume, ft3/lb||14.5||2.66||0.586|
|Dynamic viscosity, lb/ft-sec||6.544E-06||8.18E-06||9.972E-06|
1) Gas Flex, Flexware, Inc., Grapeville, PA, USA
2) Organic Chemistry, Paula Yurkanis Bruice, University of California, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1998
3) General Chemistry, Darrell D. Ebbing, Wayne State University, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1996
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